Single Case Study Methodology
Case Study Methodology - psyking.net
2(14) A case study is expected to capture the complexity of a single case, and the methodology which enables this has developed within the social sciences.
Single Case Study Methodology
Do they occur because of bad strategy formulation or because of bad strategy implementation? Organizational change is an issue in many cases because the companies are attempting to alter their strategies or structures to solve strategic problems. Prominent case study researchers do however emphasize that an overarching methodology shapes a case study design and that multiple sources of data and methods can be used (merriam, 2009 stake, 2006 yin, 2014), thus providing the distinction between the two. With the dominance of logical positivism from the 1940s through to the 1960s and 1970s case study methodology was viewed with skepticism and criticism.
Such recommendations might include an increase in spending on specific research and development projects, the divesting of certain businesses, a change from a strategy of unrelated to related diversification, an increase in the level of integration among divisions by using task forces and teams, or a move to a different kind of structure to implement a new business-level strategy. On the other hand, stake (1995) takes a more flexible stance and while concerned with rigor in the processes, maintains a focus on what is studied (the case) rather than how it is studied (the method). Antecedents of modern day case study research are most often cited as being conducted in the chicago school of sociology between the 1920-1950s (stewart, 2014).
Case study designs have been used across a number of disciplines, particularly the social sciences, education, business, law, and health, to address a wide range of research questions. Paradigmatic controversies, contradictions, and emerging confluences, revisited in qualitative research. Because of this, constructivism and interpretivism commonly permeate the implementation of this research design.
Validity of research results are verified through the scrutiny of others and, as such, adherence to mechanisms that ensure rigor in data collection and analysis is vital. Each methodology is unique in approach depending on the ontological and epistemological stance, however all stem from the motivation to explore, seek understanding, and establish the meaning of experiences from the perspective of those involved (ibid. Of particular importance at the industry level is.
While some may argue that mixing qualitative and quantitative methods could threaten the veracity of the research (boblin et al. Professions including the social sciences, education, health, law, management, business, and urban planning have embraced case study research, demonstrating these outcomes. Key contributors to the development of case study agree that the focus of a case study is the detailed inquiry of a unit of analysis as a bounded system (the case), over time, within its context.
The framework is meant only as a guide and not as an outline that you must use to do a successful analysis. Over the last forty years, case study research has undergone substantial methodological development. In figure 1, developed by johansson (2003) and adapted for this discussion, a summary of the evolution of case study across a timeline dating back to 1600 is displayed. Some of the events have to do with its founding, its initial products, how it makes new-product market decisions, and how it developed and chose functional competencies to pursue. Researchers who have contributed to the development of case study research come from diverse disciplines with different philosophical perspectives, resulting in a variety of definitions and approaches.
Case study - Wikipedia
In the social sciences and life sciences, a case study is a research method involving an up-close, in-depth, and detailed examination of a subject of study (the case), as well as its related contextual conditions.
Single Case Study Methodology
Five Misunderstandings About Case-Study Research
Flyvbjerg, Five Misunderstandings About Case-study research, 9.1 3 the preliminary stages of an investigation’ to generate hypotheses, but it is misleading to see the case
Single Case Study Methodology
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Application of SMED Methodology- A Case Study in Small Scale ...
As a result, some case study approaches are either quantitatively or qualitatively orientated while others encompass both qualitative and quantitative aims and methods (merriam, 2009 miles, huberman & saldana, 2014 yin, 2014). Paradigmatic controversies, contradictions, and emerging confluences, revisited in qualitative research. Like yin (2014), merriam (1998, 2009) asserts that when information is plentiful and concepts abstract, it is important to utilize processes that help interpret, sort, and manage information and that adapt findings to convey clarity and applicability to the results. These varied definitions stem from the researchers differing approaches to developing case study methodology and often reflect the elements they emphasize as central to their designs. Consequently, various designs have been proposed for preparing, planning, and conducting case study research with advice on key considerations for achieving success.
Of particular importance at the industry level is. Similarly, the uptake of case study research in the political sciences, particularly during the 1980s and 1990s, led to a more integrated methodological approach with the aim of theoretical development and testing (george & bennett, 2005). The most notable case studies include thomas and znanieckis (1958 1918-1920) study of polish peasants in europe and america and, the ethnographic work by malinowski (1913) in the trobriand islands in melanesia that spanned over several years (creswell, hanson, plano clark & morales, 2007 johansson, 2003 stewart, 2014). The development of grounded theory in the 1960s led to a resurgence in case study research, with its application in the social sciences, education, and the humanities. The framework is meant only as a guide and not as an outline that you must use to do a successful analysis.
Do they occur because of bad strategy formulation or because of bad strategy implementation? Organizational change is an issue in many cases because the companies are attempting to alter their strategies or structures to solve strategic problems. Yin (2014) conceptualizes case study research as a form of social science. According to yin what makes case study research distinct from experimental studies is the case study is investigated in context, examined in its real world setting (p. As a result, while case study research has evolved to be a pragmatic, flexible research approach, the variation in definition, application, validity, and purposefulness can create a confusing platform for its use. Brown (2007) suggests the three approaches used by these seminal researchers rest along a quantitative-qualitative continuum where the postpositivist methodology of yin (2014) sits at one end, stakes interpretivist design (1995, 2006) sits at the other end and merriam (1998, 2009) who as a pragmatic constructivist draws on the elements of both, rests toward the center. For example, it may offer a low-cost product range and a line of differentiated products. It is important to analyze the relationship among the companys businesses. Yins two-part definition (2014) focuses on the scope, process, and methodological characteristics of case study research, emphasizing the nature of inquiry as being empirical, and the importance of context to the case. Design features are sequentially structured and motivated by empirical application. To analyze a case study, therefore, you must examine closely the issues with which the company is confronted.International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, Volume 2, Issue 8, August 2012 1 ISSN 2250-3153 www.ijsrp.org
Business Resources: Case Studies–Analyzing a Case StudyAs just mentioned, the purpose of the case study is to let you apply the concepts you've learned when you analyze the issues facing a specific company.
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Interviews and focus groups, observations, and exploring artifacts are most commonly employed to collect and generate data with triangulation of methods and data, however, this is not exclusive. Change and progress have stemmed from parallel influences from historical approaches to research and individual researchers preferences, perspectives on, and interpretations of case study research. Ongoing application of and sound debate about the value, validity, and capability of case study research have strengthened the efficacy of case study approaches as powerful forms of qualitative research. Examine each of the value creation functions of the company, and identify the functions in which the company is currently strong and currently weak Buy now Single Case Study Methodology
For example, organizational conflict, power, and politics will be important issues for some companies. Precision, process, and practicality are core attributes of yins approach to case study. Case study research foundations and methodological orientations 34 paragraphs. According to yin what makes case study research distinct from experimental studies is the case study is investigated in context, examined in its real world setting (p. The swot analysis will have provided you with information on the companys functional competencies.
However, use each factor in turn (for instance, demographic factors) to see whether it is relevant for the company in question. Case study research can be used to study a range of topics and purposes (simons, 2009 stake, 2006 stewart, 2014) however, the essential requisite for employing case study stems from ones motivation to illuminate understanding of complex phenomena (merriam, 2009 stake, 2006 yin, 2014) Single Case Study Methodology Buy now
Selection of cases is based on the purpose of the research and related to the theoretical propositions about the topic of interest. In this article, we examine each of these issues in turn, with the aim of improving our understanding of case study research and clarifying the requisite tenets to consider when designing a case study. In figure 1, developed by johansson (2003) and adapted for this discussion, a summary of the evolution of case study across a timeline dating back to 1600 is displayed. Study propositions, theory, research or issue questions work as a conceptual framework and need to align with the case to guide the design and determine methods of data collection and analysis (stake, 2006 stewart, 2014 yin, 2014) Buy Single Case Study Methodology at a discount
For this purpose, qualitative researchers can employ a broad scope of methods and interpretative practices in any one study, although they typically include observations, interviews, and analysis of participants words (denzin & lincoln, 2011 merriam, 2009). As a result, surveys, experiments, and statistical methods anchored in quantitative approaches were favored and considered more rigorous than qualitative designs (johansson, 2003). While over time the contributions of researchers from varied disciplines have helped to develop and strengthen case study research, the variety of disciplinary backgrounds has also added complexity, particularly around how case study research is defined, described, and applied in practice Buy Online Single Case Study Methodology
He does not use the terms methodology or strategy. Such investigations were conducted in the natural setting of those experiences with results presented descriptively or as a narrative (merriam, 2009). Thus, as a part of the analysis, you might suggest an action plan that the company in question could use to achieve its goals. Outcomes can lead to an in-depth understanding of behaviors, processes, practices, and relationships in context. You will need to identify the companys generic competitive strategy - differentiation, low cost, or focus - and its investment strategy, given the companys relative competitive position and the stage of the life cycle.
Do they trade or exchange resources? Are there gains to be achieved from synergy? Alternatively, is the company just running a portfolio of investments? This analysis should enable you to define the corporate strategy that the company is pursuing (for example, related or unrelated diversification, or a combination of both) and to conclude whether the company operates in just one core business Buy Single Case Study Methodology Online at a discount
Sociologists and anthropologists investigated peoples lives, experiences, and how they understood the social and cultural context of their world, with the aim of gaining insight into how individuals interpreted and attributed meaning to their experiences and constructed their worlds (johansson, 2003 simons, 2009). Try to analyze why problems in these areas are occurring. A second generation of case study researchers emerged with the advent of grounded theory methodology (glaser & strauss, 1967). Many methodologies are aligned with specific philosophical positions that guide the research process. How and why has the companys strategy changed over time? What is the claimed rationale for any changes? Often it is a good idea to analyze the companys businesses or products to assess its situation and identify which divisions contribute the most to or detract from its competitive advantage Single Case Study Methodology For Sale
College of public health, medical & veterinary sciences at james cook university. While having a disciplined approach to the process and acknowledging that case study can use quantitative methods, stakes approach is underpinned by a strong motivation for discovering meaning and understanding of experiences in context. As the figure highlights, early case studies were conducted in the social sciences. At the same time, case study research was often criticized for its inability to support generalizability and thus considered to provide limited validity and value as a research design (johansson, 2003 merriam, 2009 stewart, 2014). Creswell (2014) refers to case studies as a qualitative design, while others use the term case study (flyvbjerg, 2011 stake, 1995, 2006 stewart, 2014), qualitative case study (merriam, 2009), or describe case study as an approach (simons, 2009) For Sale Single Case Study Methodology
Having done this analysis, you will have generated both an analysis of the companys environment and a list of opportunities and threats. To analyze a case study, therefore, you must examine closely the issues with which the company is confronted. A convenient way to investigate how a companys past strategy and structure affect it in the present is to chart the critical incidents in its history - that is, the events that were the most unusual or the most essential for its development into the company it is today. George & bennett, 2005 gerring, 2004 simons, 2009 yin, 2014). These elements delineate case study from other forms of research and inform the critical aspects of the research design and execution Sale Single Case Study Methodology
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